How many of you have ever heard of an orthopedic mattress? We guess, so many. This is because the orthopedic mattress has been very popular, especially in the past. The term orthopedic more than anything else was improperly attributed to a mattress because it was believed that sleeping on hard, resistant support, difficult to deform, gave well-being to the spine. This concept has never been validated by any scientific work.
Nowadays the most correct term to attribute is “ergonomic”, not orthopedic. The definition of ergonomic mattress is precisely a mattress that can adapt to the needs of the human being to provide the best support and above all avoiding those sinkings. These are the basis of the progressive onset of pain and the poor quality of night rest.
Why should a mattress have these characteristics?
In fact, during sleep, the muscles supporting the spine must be able to relax and the circulatory system must be able to guarantee adequate oxygenation to all tissues.
These two aspects are compromised if the mattress is too hard for the physical characteristics of those who sleep in it and this can lead to the onset of numbness and tingling during the night or when you wake up.
We must remember that the parts that are in direct contact with the surface of the mattress are crushed by the rest of the body if the surface is too rigid: for example, we think of the shoulders, the neck, the hips, if they are compressed there is discomfort.
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This must be remembered because it is the motivation for which the rigidity of the mattress must not be absolute, it must not be the proverbial “wooden board”, because there would be no benefit and the quality of sleep would be compromised.
The ergonomic mattress is, therefore, a mattress that supports the physiological curves of the spine and offers point-by-point support to avoid these symptoms.
The spinal column is not a straight tube. There are physiological curvatures in well-defined points, which allow the body’s weight to be better unloaded. These curved areas have a name. They are called cervical, dorsal, or lumbar.
Our orthopedic mattress does not have to straighten these curves, on the contrary, it must support them.